Phonological Awareness for Children with Hearing Loss

Phonological Awareness is the ability to detectidentify, and manipulate sounds and syllables in words.

Phonological Awareness skills are CRUCIAL predictors of a child’s reading success.

Children with hearing loss CAN develop phonological skills through listening.

The following is a list of Phonological Awareness activities progressing from least-difficult to most-difficult tasks in each category:

  • RHYMES

    • Determine whether a pair of words rhyme

      • “Do these words rhyme: hat, bat?”

    • Determine which word in a set of three does not rhyme

      • “Which one does not rhyme: bee, see, boat?”

    • Generate a rhyme

      • “Can you tell me a word that rhymes with ball?”

  • SYLLABLES

    • Counting syllables

      • “How many syllables do you hear in the word paper?”

    • Segmenting syllables

      • “Can you tell me the syllables in telephone?”

    • Blending syllables

      • “Which word sounds like this: to ma to?”

    • Deleting syllables

      • “Can you say piano without the /pi/?”

  • PHONEMES (Speech Sounds)

    • Initial/medial/final sound identification

      • “What is the first/middle/last sound in the word bed?”

    • Counting phonemes

      • “How many sounds do you hear in the word red?”

    • Phoneme blending

      • “Which word sounds like this: g r ee n?”

    • Phoneme deletion

      • “Say blue without the /b/?”

    • Phoneme substitution

      • “Say go.  Now say it with a /b/ instead of /g/?”

Ways to work on Phonological Awareness skills at home include:

  • Sing songs and nursery rhymes.
  • Read and point out rhymes in the text, alliterations (words that have the same starting sound).
  • Count or clap syllables in family members’ names.
  • Play secret word guessing games with syllable or sound segmentation.
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